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Evolution of methodological approaches to evaluation of nutrition patterns

Orlov A. V., Rotar O. P., Boyarinova M. A., Demchenko E. A., Konradi A. O.
Federal State Budgetary Institution, "Almazov North-West Federal Medical Research Center" of the RF Ministry of Health Care, Akkuratova 2, St. Petersburg 197341

Keywords: evaluation of nutrition, questionnaire, semi-quantitative method, behavioral risk factors

DOI: 10.18087/rhj.2016.5.2254

Inaccuracy of obtained data has been the major issue of nutrition epidemiology during the entire history of nutrition studies. The diet is generally described in terms of frequency of consuming foods (their groups) or individual nutrients. However, the effect of a food on the body cannot be described only as the nutrient content in the food, and nutrient interactions can be unpredictable. On the other hand, the array of consumed foods is practically unlimited; food preferences vary over the lifetime; and a specific exposure can last for years. Measuring the complexity and variability of human’s diets is a serious issue. This may result in incorrect ideas about interactions of food and disease even in large cohort studies. In effect, existing scales of healthy nutrition are presently subject to critics. For more than 50-year long history, the methodology for evaluating healthy nutrition has considerably evolved from nutrition diaries to molecular evaluation of nutrients in blood. However, a perfect evaluation method has not been developed so far, and the most common method, like 50 years ago, is still the semi-quantitative evaluation using questionnaires by food group.
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Orlov A. V., Rotar O. P., Boyarinova M. A., Demchenko E. A., Konradi A. O. Evolution of methodological approaches to evaluation of nutrition patterns. Russian Heart Journal. 2016;15 (5):357–360

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