Stepwise rehabilitation of hypertensive patients using cyclic and power loads
Mukharlyamov F. Yu., Golovunina I. S., Rassulova M. A., Ivanova E. S.
Keywords: hypertension, physical rehabilitation, cyclic and power training apparatuses
Background. Up-to-date training apparatuses equipped with special instruments for cardiorespiratory monitoring are presently beginning to be used for physical rehabilitation of patients with essential hypertension (EH) in the regimen of individually adjusted, dosed and graded, incremental physical exercise. This calls for development of innovative methods and optimized programs for physical rehabilitation based on multimodal exercise training using cyclic and power training apparatuses. Aim. Studying effects of training using cyclic and power training apparatuses on functional status of patients with stage II ES. Materials and methods. 40 patients aging 45–55 years with stage II ES underwent physical rehabilitation including exercise on cyclic and power training apparatuses. Study methods included ergospirometry, volume compression oscillometry and strength tests. Results. Improvement of BP, increase in myocardial contractility and enhancement of general working ability were more pronounced in the main group (р<0.05) because maximum neuromuscular tension is the most potent stimulus for activating hormone release during or after the training. Conclusion. Using a set of cyclic and power training apparatuses is considerably efficient in patient with stage II ES.
- Molmen-Hansen HE, Stolen T, Tjonna AE et al. Aerobic interval training reduces blood pressure and improves myocardial function in hypertensive patients. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2012;19 (2):151–160.
- Liadov K., Moukharliamov F., Smirnova M., Litviakova I. Physical rehabilitation at an arterial hypertension J Hypertens. 2003;21 (Suppl 4):S330.
- Fagard RH, Björnstad HH, Børjesson M et al. ESC Study Group of Sports Cardiology recommendations for participation in leisure-time physical activities and competitive sports for patients with hypertension. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2005;12 (4):326–331.
- Мякинченко Е. Б., Силуянов В. Н. Оздоровительная тренировка по системе Изотон. – М.: СпортАкадемпресс, 2001. – 68 с.
- Kemi OJ, Haram PM, Loennechen JP et al. Moderate vs. high exercise intensity: differential effects on aerobic fitness, cardiomyocyte contractility, and endothelial function. Cardiovasc Res. 2005;67 (1):161–172.
- Erajhi AA, Anbais FH, Vank P et al. Pulse pressure and baroreflex sensitivity in patients with essential hypertension. In Optimální působení tělesné zátěže a výživy. Hradec Králové. – Univerzita Hradec Králové, 2007. – p. 116–119.
- Cornelissen VA, Fagard RH. Effect of resistance training on resting blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hypertens. 2005;23 (2):251–259.
Mukharlyamov F. Yu., Golovunina I. S., Rassulova M. A. et al. Stepwise rehabilitation of hypertensive patients using cyclic and power loads. Russian Heart Journal. 2013;12(3):162-166