Russian Heart Failure Journal 2011year 24‑hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with chronic heart failure

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24‑hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with chronic heart failure

Serov V. A., Shutov A. M., Troshenkina O. V., Makeeva E. R., Serova D. V., Kuznetsova Y. S.

Keywords: BP monitoring, CHF, hypertension

DOI: 10.18087/rhfj.2011.4.1504

Background. Despite the obvious advantages over office BP measurement 24‑hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with HF is the exception, and the role of ABPM for assessment of efficacy and safety of CHF treatment is still unclear. Objective. To study ABPM advantages over BP office measurement in patients with CHF. Materials and methods. The study included 177 CHF patients (97 men and 80 women) aged 56.7 years. 19 patients had CHF FC I, 100 – II FC, 57 – III FC and 1 – IV FC. The cause of CHF was hypertension (AH) in 49 patients, ischemic heart disease – in 4, the combination of CAD and AH – in 122, other heart disease – in 2 patients. ABPM was conducted on devices MnSDP-2 and MnSDP BPLab (OOO «Peter Telegin», Russia). Results. Office BP measurement revealed systolic and diastolic AH in 56.5 % of patients with CHF, isolated systolic hypertension – in 11.9 %, isolated diastolic hypertension – in 7.3 % of patients. ABPM revealed AH more frequently. Normal BP levels were observed in 24.3 % of patients with office measurement, while at the same time, in 5.1 % of patients with ABPM, and hypotension – in 6.8 % in 74.6 % of CHF patients, respectively. Violations of the degree of nocturnal SBP reduction were found in 68.9 %, DBP – in 62.1 % of patients. This results showed that ABPM in patients with CHF can significantly increase the frequency of detection of potentially dangerous BP changes – arterial hyper-and hypotension. ABPM can provide information about nature of BP circadian rhythm violations associated with target organ damage. It is necessary to conduct prospective clinical trials to determine prognostic significance of violations of BP daily profile in patients with CHF and decide whether to include ABPM into examination plan of CHF patients.
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Serov V. A., Shutov A. M., Troshenkina O. V. et al. 24‑hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with chronic heart failure. Russian Heart Failure Journal. 2011;12(4):196-200.

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