Russian Heart Failure Journal 2005year Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus and their relationship with symptoms of chronic heart failure in the Republic of Tatarstan


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2005/

Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus and their relationship with symptoms of chronic heart failure in the Republic of Tatarstan

Shakirova R.M., Galyavich A.S., Kamalov G.M

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Urgency. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are most common and result in chronic heart failure (CHF), very early disability and high mortality. Aim. Analysis of CVD and diabetes mellitus prevalence and their relationship with symptoms of chronic heart failure (CHF). Materials and methods. 2556 patients were enrolled and evaluated using the method of “stepwise” randomization. The questionnaire of each participant of study included historic (data from case report forms and interview) and clinical (objective status) data. Results. In the Republic of Tatarstan (RT), prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) was 32.00%; ischemic heart disease (IHD) – 9.78%; combination of IHD and AH – 8.10%; acquired heart disease – 1.21%; myocardial infarction (MI) – 2.27%. Most of respondents had CVD at age older than 65 years and heart disease at age between 40 and 65 years. Prevalence of CHF in RT was 8.84%. CHF was observed in IHD (36.00%), heart disease (35.48%) or DM (38.18%) with approximately equal frequency and much more rare in AH (22.62%). Conclusion. AH and IHD are the most common CVDs in RT. Prevalence of CHF in RT comprised 8.84%. CVDs were more common in patients older than 65
years; heart disease – between 40 and 65 years. AH occurred without CHF symptoms in 30.93% of cases.

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