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Randomized Comparison of Two Approaches to Initial Warfarin Dosing: Time in Therapeutic Range of International Normalized Ratio During Hospitalization

Mishchenko L. N.1, 2, Averkov O. V.2, Gordeev I. G.1, Levchuk N. N.2, Vechorko V. I.2
1 - N. I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia
2 - City clinical hospital No15 n.a. O.M. Filatov, Moscow, Russia

Keywords: warfarin; warfarin dosing; international normalized ratio (INR); stable INR; time in therapeutic range (TTR); SAMe-TT2R2 score

DOI: 10.18087/cardio.2017.9.10030

Aim. To perform a randomized, open-label comparison of average time in therapeutic range (TTR) of international normalized ratio (INR) using two approaches to initial warfarin dosing during hospitalization: the standard method and the one using individual patient characteristics (clinical algorithm - the studied approach). Materials and methods. We randomly assigned 60 patients with different indications for vitamin K antagonist therapy to the studied approach (n=31, intervention group) or to the standard method (n=29, control group). А target INR range for all patients was 2.0 to 3.0. Results. The average TTR and portions of INR values within target range during the whole time of drug dosing turned out to be small. TTR was 22.4% with standard method and 21.4% with clinical algorithm, which was well below desired 60%. Conclusion. The opportunities for achieving target INR in inpatient settings, regardless of warfarin dosing regimen, are limited.
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Mishchenko L. N., Averkov O. V., Gordeev I. G., Levchuk N. N., Vechorko V. I. Randomized Comparison of Two Approaches to Initial Warfarin Dosing: Time in Therapeutic Range of International Normalized Ratio During Hospitalization. Kardiologiia. 2017;57(9):42–46.

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