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Effects of High-Dose Statin Therapy on Cognitive Functions and Quality of Life in Very High Cardiovascular Risk Patients

Kobalava Zh. D., Villevalde S. V., Vorobyeva M. A.
RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

Keywords: statins; intensive statin therapy; cognitive functions; quality of life

DOI: 10.18087/cardio.2017.9.10024

Aim. To investigate the effects of intensive lipid-lowering therapy on cognitive functions and quality of life in patients (pts) with very high cardiovascular risk. Material and methods. In 93 pts (58 men, 63.2±9.5 years old with history of clinically evident cardiovascular disease and fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) >1.8 mmol/l or non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) >2.6 mmol/l the mental status and quality of life were assessed before and after 6 months of therapy with atorvastatin 80 mg/day. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale and Questionnaire SF-36 (russian version) were used to evaluate cognitive functions and quality of life. Results. 59 (63%) pts had cognitive dysfunction (less than 26 scores by MoCA scale). We observed significant difference in cognitive status between pts ≥65 and <65 years (21.1±3.3 vs 25.6±1.8 points, p<0.05) and between pts with and without stroke (22.4±3.1 vs 24.7±2.78 points, p<0.05). Changes of cognitive function were insignificant in all groups. We observed improvement of mean scores in all sections of SF-36 except vitality: physical functioning (PF) from 57.3±26.7 to 62.9±23.4 points, role-physical functioning (RP) from 40.0±27.9 to 47.1±26.2, bodily pain (BP) from 58.9±30.1 to 70.3±25.4, general health (GH) from 51.9±13.6 to 57.4±14.1, social functioning (SF) from 62.5±23.1 to 70.3±25.4 points, role-emotional (RE) from 53.3±39.4 to 61.4±33.1, mental health (MH) from 66.4±15.1 to 71.3±18.2 points (p<0.05 for all trends). Values of PF, RP, GH and RE grew more in <65 years group. Conclusion. 63% of patients with high cardiovascular risk had cognitive impairment. No association between statin use and cognition was found. Intensive lipid-lowering therapy was association significant improvement of quality of life according to SF-36.
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Kobalava Zh. D., Villevalde S. V., Vorobyeva M. A. Effects of High-Dose Statin Therapy on Cognitive Functions and Quality of Life in Very High Cardiovascular Risk Patients. Kardiologiia 2017;57(9):34–41.

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