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Sudden Cardiac Death in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease: From Mechanisms to Clinical Practice

Golukhova E. Z., Gromova O. I., Bulaeva N. I., Bokeria L. A.
A. N. Bakoulev Scientific Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, Moscow, Russia

Keywords: sudden cardiac death; ventricular tachyarrhythmias; acute myocardial ischemia; arrhythmogenic substrate; implantable cardioverter defibrillator

DOI: 10.18087/cardio.2017.12.10069

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) and acute coronary syndrome are the main cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Incidence of SCD in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) is 4-6-fold higher than in general population. The review focuses on electrophysiological changes during acute myocardial ischemia and mechanisms of myocardial electromechanical remodeling in remote period after MI. Current data on arrhythmia substrates and triggers are presented. Nowadays, the main guide for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) use for primary prevention of SCD is reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. The significance of this parameter has been repeatedly demonstrated in large randomized studies. However, the use of a single indicator cannot solve the problem. In this review we present analysis of modern additional predictors of fatal arrhythmias which are available in clinical practice, as well as the perspective for further research of this highly important scientific, clinical, and social problem.
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Golukhova E. Z., Gromova O. I., Bulaeva N. I., Bokeria L. A. Sudden Cardiac Death in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease: From Mechanisms to Clinical Practice. Kardiologiia. 2017;57(12):73–81.

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